Sinti and Austrian Lalleri people were deported to the Łódź Ghetto in late 1941, where half were estimated to have died. The Nazi government declared a "Day of National Labor" for May Day 1933, and invited many trade union delegates to Berlin for celebrations. Marinus van der Lubbe, a Dutch communist, was found guilty of starting the blaze. On 10 May, the government seized the assets of the Social Democrats, and they were banned on 22 June. In March 1939, Hitler demanded the return of the Free City of Danzig and the Polish Corridor, a strip of land that separated East Prussia from the rest of Germany. Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, who initially supported Hitler, changed his mind in 1936 and was later a participant in the July 20 plot. Joseph Goebbels, Reich Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda Most Germans were relieved that the conflicts and street fighting of the Weimar era had ended. European Police College, the European Police Chiefs Task Force and, frontex. "Reviewed work(s Vom Generalplan Ost zum Generalsiedlungsplan by Czeslaw Madajczyk. Legacy Main article: Consequences of Nazism See also: Denazification Defendants in the dock at the Nuremberg trials The Allied powers organised war crimes trials, beginning with the Nuremberg trials, held from November 1945 to October 1946, of 23 top Nazi officials. They promised a strong central government, increased Lebensraum living space for Germanic peoples, formation of a national community based on race, and racial cleansing via the active suppression of Jews, who would be stripped of their citizenship and civil rights. The Waffen-SS: Hitler's Elite Guard at War. As early as February 1933, Hitler announced that rearmament must begin, albeit clandestinely at first, as to do so was in violation of the Versailles Treaty. 31 Broadening security and safety perspective edit The European Union's growing role in coordinating internal security and safety policies is only partly captured by looking at policymaking within the area of freedom, security and justice. Very heavy strategic bombing by the Allies targeted refineries producing synthetic oil and gasoline, as well as the German transportation system, especially rail yards and canals. Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin. This meant the only non-political institutions not under control of the nsdap were the churches. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International. McElligott, Anthony; Kirk, Tim; Kershaw, Ian (2003). Vancouver: Regent College Publishing. In addition to calling for the rapid construction of steel mills, synthetic rubber plants, and other factories, Göring instituted wage and price controls and restricted the issuance of stock dividends. A supplementary decree issued in November defined as Jewish anyone with three Jewish grandparents, or two grandparents if the Jewish faith was followed.